Getting a loan may change someone’s life. But if an application is rejected, the dreams are shattered. And a single rejection leads to problems in the future. Though everyone fears a rejection on a loan application, only a few know the conditions due to which an application is rejected.
Bad Credit Score
Credit Information Bureau of India Limited (CIBIL) shares the credit details of an individual with all the financiers. These details include information on a borrower’s present and previous loan transactions. Banks provide all the credit information on all the borrowers to the CIBIL. Using this information CIBIL creates the CIBIL TransUnion Score and the CIBIL Score. CIBIL awards score based on the assessment of the information provided by the banks. The scores are given in the range of 300 and 900. Banks call for a CIBIL report as soon as a person applies for a loan.
Banks draw their own list of defaulters and this information is available to all their branches. This information is looked into when a person applies for a loan. This information is used in addition to the CIBIL Score and the credit report provided by the CIBIL.
Sometimes people become a guarantor for the family members or friends. And if someone is a guarantor in case of a default then this poses a problem. The CIBIL report will show the person as a defaulter for the loan, even though the person was only a guarantor. Some will feel that this is not fair but that is how the system is. So one should be very sure while giving his/her name as a guarantor.
Too Many Loans
While lending money to an applicant the banks will add all the existing outstanding loans from all the banks or NBFCs. This helps in determining the amount an applicant is eligible for. Then the ratio of loan to income is calculated by the bank before extending a loan. The total monthly deductions should not exceed 50 per cent to 70 per cent of the take-home or gross salary.
An applicant’s job is an important factor too while lending the money. If the person changes job very frequently and the location too, it might be a negative point when applying for a loan. A stable employment record is very favorable when applying for a loan. The banks will have a positive outlook for people with a stable track record. The loan is given based on a good employment track record This gives the idea of stability in one’s life to the bank.
Banks make a thorough assessment of a tax profile by asking for the ITR copies of previous years including tax deducted at source/professional tax paid against the salary in the past. Not providing such information may lead to problems. So it is always best to obtain the income /Form 16-16 (A)/ certificate/TDS certificate from the employer.
If an applicant has been rejected in the past, the chances are high to be rejected again. So, one should be really sure while applying for a loan. It is better to check the CIBIL Score before applying. This gives a good idea of one’s probability to get a loan. Only apply when you are sure to get the loan.
RBI Defaulters/Willful Defaulters Lists
The Reserve Bank of India, RBI maintains a list of the defaulters. This list is updated by asking the bank to provide it to the RBI. The willful defaulters’ list is uploaded on the RBI’s website. The willful defaulters’ is the list of people who deliberately attempt to mislead the lenders in spite of adequate net worth.